Air war over Friesland

Attributes

(48.8 km)
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  • During the Second World War there was relatively little fighting on Frisian territory. But in the Frisian airspace there were almost daily air battles between German and allied aircraft. About 400 Allied planes were shot down in the five years of the war.

    Because the German cities of Emden, Wilhelmshaven, Bremen and Hamburg were regularly the target of Allied bombers, there was a lot of air traffic over the province of Friesland. In July 1941, the first English bomber on the mainland of Friesland crashed near Mantgum, killing six crew members.

    More than four hundred Allied aircraft were lost over…

    During the Second World War there was relatively little fighting on Frisian territory. But in the Frisian airspace there were almost daily air battles between German and allied aircraft. About 400 Allied planes were shot down in the five years of the war.

    Because the German cities of Emden, Wilhelmshaven, Bremen and Hamburg were regularly the target of Allied bombers, there was a lot of air traffic over the province of Friesland. In July 1941, the first English bomber on the mainland of Friesland crashed near Mantgum, killing six crew members.

    More than four hundred Allied aircraft were lost over Friesland and the surrounding waters during the Second World War. In the early years of the war, the fighting mainly took place at night, because the Royal Air Force bombed in the night. When the Americans entered the air battle in 1943, fierce dogfights were also conducted over the province in daylight. Sometimes several planes crashed in one day.

    The many air battles over the province of Friesland were mostly related to the presence of Fliegerhorst Leeuwarden. For the Germans, this was the base for the day and night fighters that guarded the coast, escorted convoys and shot down Allied aircraft.

    During this cycling route you will visit the crash sites of Allied bombers and you will read more about the resistance group Gaastmeer that sheltered the crew of a Halifax bomber.

    Have fun cycling!

    Sights on this route

    1

    Museum Warkums Erfskip

    Merk 1
    8711CL Workum
    Museum Warkums Erfskip
    2

    Resistance Memorial 1940 – 1945

    8711 LD Workum
    Resistance Memorial 1940 – 1945
    20
    3

    Crash location Lancaster W4888

    8711 HH Workum
    Crash location Lancaster W4888
    21 19 96
    4

    Monument Peter Tazelaar

    Dijkweg 14
    8713 KD Hindeloopen
    Terugkeer van de koningin en prinses Juliana in 1945, Erik Hazelhoff Roelfzema staat achter de koningin; Peter Tazelaar naast de prinses.
    Monument Peter Tazelaar
    18
    5

    Pilots go into hiding in It Heidenskip

    Ursuladijk 28
    8724 HR It Heidenskip
    Pilots go into hiding in It Heidenskip
    23
    6

    Information panel Boer Kuiper

    It Heidenskip
    Information panel Boer Kuiper
    32
    7

    Resistance plaque Gaastmeer

    J.Jelles Hofstrjitte 14
    8611 JT Gaastmeer
    Resistance plaque Gaastmeer
    34 33 32 31
    8

    Explosion of an ammunition train

    Stasjonsleane 5
    8614 AN Oudega
    Explosion of an ammunition train
    15 14
    9

    War Memorial Hieslum

    Sierdsmaweg 6
    Hieslum
    War Memorial Hieslum
    10 09 07 02 01
    10

    Allied War Graves in Workum

    Spoardyk 52
    Workum
    Allied War Graves in Workum
    20
    21
    19
    96
    18
    23
    32
    34
    33
    32
    31
    15
    14
    10
    09
    07
    02
    01

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